Paul Thomas Anderson

Paul Thomas Anderson

Born: June 26, 1970
Age: 47
Birthplace: Studio City, California, United States
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Biography

Paul Thomas Anderson (born June 26, 1970) also known as P.T. Anderson, is an American filmmaker. Interested in film-making since a young age, Anderson was encouraged by his father to become a filmmaker.

In 1993, he wrote and directed a short film titled Cigarettes & Coffee on a budget of $20,000. After he attended the Sundance Institute, Anderson had a deal with Rysher Entertainment to direct his first feature film, a neo-noir crime thriller titled Hard Eight, in 1996. Anderson received critical and commercial success for his film Boogie Nights (1997), set during the Golden Age of Porn in the 1970s and 1980s. His third feature, Magnolia (1999), takes place over a single day in the San Fernando Valley, following the interconnected lives of several characters in search of happiness and resolution. It received strongly positive reviews despite struggling at the box office. In 2002, the romantic comedy-drama Punch-Drunk Love, Anderson's fourth feature, was released to generally favorable reviews.

The epic drama There Will Be Blood (2007), set in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, centers on a silver miner's efforts to capitalize on the Southern California oil boom. Released after a five-year absence, it garnered wide acclaim from critics. Anderson's sixth film, the drama The Master, was released to critical acclaim. His seventh film, the crime comedy-drama Inherent Vice, based on the novel of the same name by Thomas Pynchon, was released in 2014, to general acclaim. His eighth film, Junun, is a documentary about the making of an album of the same name.

Anderson has been nominated for six Academy Awards over the course of his career, while his works have earned a further fourteen Academy Award nominations for cast and crew. There Will Be Blood has been named by several critics as the best film of the 2000s. It later ranked, along with The Master and Inherent Vice, in BBC's 2016 poll of the greatest motion pictures since 2000.

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Early life

Anderson was born June 26, 1970, in Studio City, California, to Edwina (née Gough) and Ernie Anderson. Ernie was an actor who was the voice of ABC and a Cleveland television late-night horror movie host known as "Ghoulardi" (after whom Anderson later named his production company). Anderson grew up in the San Fernando Valley. He is third youngest of nine children, and had a troubled relationship with his mother but was close with his father, who encouraged him to become a writer or director. Anderson attended a number of schools, including Buckley in Sherman Oaks, John Thomas Dye School, Campbell Hall School, Cushing Academy and Montclair Prep.

Anderson was involved in filmmaking at a young age and never really had an alternative plan to directing films. He made his first movie when he was eight years old and started making movies on a Betamax video camera which his dad bought in 1982 when he was twelve years old. He later started using 8 mm film but realized that video was easier. He began writing in adolescence, and at 17 years old he began experimenting with a Bolex sixteen millimeter camera. After years of experimenting with "standard fare", he wrote and filmed his first real production as a senior in high school at Montclair Prep using money he earned cleaning cages at a pet store. The film was a thirty-minute mockumentary shot on video called The Dirk Diggler Story (1988), about a pornography star; the story was inspired by John Holmes, who also served as a major inspiration for Boogie Nights.

Career

Early career

Anderson spent two semesters as an English major at Emerson College where he was taught by David Foster Wallace, and only two days at New York University before he began his career as a production assistant on television films, music videos and game shows in Los Angeles and New York City. Feeling that the material shown to him at film school turned the experience into "homework or a chore", Anderson decided to make a twenty-minute film that would be his "college".

For $20,000, made up of gambling winnings, his girlfriend's credit card, and money his father set aside for him for college, Anderson made Cigarettes & Coffee (1993), a short film connecting multiple story lines with a twenty-dollar bill. The film was screened at the 1993 Sundance Festival Shorts Program. He decided to expand the film into a feature-length film and was subsequently invited to the 1994 Sundance Feature Film Program. At the Sundance Feature Film Program, Michael Caton-Jones served as Anderson's mentor; he saw Anderson as someone with "talent and a fully formed creative voice but not much hands-on experience" and gave him some hard and practical lessons.

1990s

Hard Eight

While at the Sundance Feature Film Program, Anderson already had a deal with Rysher Entertainment to direct his first feature. In 1996, Anderson made his first full-length feature, Sydney, which was retitled Hard Eight (1996). Upon completion of the film, Rysher re-edited it. Anderson, who still had the workprint of his original cut, submitted the film, which was accepted and screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival. Anderson was able to get his version released but only after he retitled the film and raised the $200,000 necessary to finish it - he, Philip Baker Hall, Gwyneth Paltrow and John C. Reilly contributed the funding. The version that was released was Anderson's and the acclaim from the film launched his career.

Boogie Nights

Anderson began working on the script for his next feature film during his troubles with Hard Eight, completing the script in 1995. The result was Anderson's breakout for the drama film Boogie Nights (1997), which is based on his short The Dirk Diggler Story. The script was noticed by New Line Cinema's president, Michael De Luca, who felt "totally gaga" reading it. It was released on October 10, 1997 and was a critical and commercial success. The film revived the career of Burt Reynolds, and provided breakout roles for Mark Wahlberg and Julianne Moore. At the 70th Academy Awards ceremony, the film was nominated for three Academy Awards, including for Best Supporting Actor (Burt Reynolds), Best Supporting Actress (Julianne Moore) and Best Original Screenplay.

Magnolia

After the success of Boogie Nights, New Line told Anderson that he could do whatever he wanted for his next film and granted him creative control. Though Anderson initially wanted to make a film that was "intimate and small-scale", the script "kept blossoming". The resulting film was the ensemble piece Magnolia (1999), which tells the story of the peculiar interaction of several individuals in the San Fernando Valley. Anderson used the music of Aimee Mann as a basis and inspiration for the film, commissioning her to write eight new songs. At the 72nd Academy Awards, Magnolia received three nominations, for Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Tom Cruise), Best Original Song for "Save Me" by Aimee Mann and Best Original Screenplay. Anderson stated after the film's release that "what I really feel is that Magnolia is, for better or worse, the best movie I'll ever make."

2000s

Punch-Drunk Love

After the release of Magnolia, Anderson stated that he would like to work with comedic actor Adam Sandler in the future and that he was determined to make his next film 90 minutes long. His next feature was the romantic comedy-drama film Punch-Drunk Love (2002), starring Sandler, with Emily Watson portraying his love interest. The story centers on a beleaguered small-business owner (Sandler) with anger issues and seven emasculating sisters. A subplot in the film was partly based on David Phillips (also called The Pudding Guy). Sandler received critical praise for his role in his first major departure from the mainstream comedies that had made him a star. At the 2002 Cannes Film Festival, Anderson won the Best Director Award and was nominated for the Palme d'Or.

There Will Be Blood

There Will Be Blood (2007) was loosely based on the Upton Sinclair novel Oil!. The budget of the film was $25 million, and it earned $76.1 million worldwide. Daniel Day-Lewis starred and won an Oscar for Best Leading Actor for his role. The film received eight nominations overall at the 80th Academy Awards. Paul Dano received a BAFTA nomination for Best Supporting Actor. Anderson was nominated for Best Director from the Directors Guild of America. The film also received eight Academy Award nominations, tying with No Country for Old Men for the most nominations that year. Anderson received nominations for Best Picture, Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay, losing all three to the Coen Brothers for No Country for Old Men. There Will Be Blood was regarded by some critics as one of the greatest films of the decade, some parties further declaring it one of the most accomplished American films of the modern era; David Denby of The New Yorker wrote "the young writer-director Paul Thomas Anderson has now done work that bears comparison to the greatest achievements of Griffith and Ford", while Richard Schickel proclaimed it "one of the most wholly original American movies ever made".

2010s

The Master

In December 2009, Anderson was working on a new script tentatively titled The Master, about a "charismatic intellectual" who starts a new religion in the 1950s. An associate of Anderson stated that the idea for the film had been in Anderson's head for about twelve years. Though the film makes no reference to the movement, it has "long been widely assumed to be based on Scientology." The Master was released on September 14, 2012 by The Weinstein Company in the United States and Canada to critical acclaim. The film received three nominations at the 85th Academy Awards: Joaquin Phoenix for Best Leading Actor, Philip Seymour Hoffman for Best Supporting Actor and Amy Adams for Best Supporting Actress.

Inherent Vice

Production of Anderson's adaptation of Thomas Pynchon's 2009 novel Inherent Vice began in May 2013 and ended in August of the same year. The film marked the first time that Pynchon allowed his work to be adapted for the screen and saw Anderson work with Phoenix for a second time. The supporting cast includes Owen Wilson, Reese Witherspoon, Jena Malone, Martin Short, Benicio Del Toro, Katherine Waterston, Josh Brolin, Peter McRobbie, Michael K. Williams and Eric Roberts. The film received two nominations at the 87th Academy Awards: Anderson for Best Adapted Screenplay and Mark Bridges for Best Costume Design.

Junun

In 2015, Anderson directed a 54-minute documentary, Junun, about the making of an album of the same name by Jonny Greenwood, Israeli composer Shye Ben Tzur and a group of Indian musicians. Most of the performances were recorded at the 15th-century Mehrangarh Fort in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Junun premiered at the 2015 New York Film Festival.

Untitled future project

Anderson is currently working on a drama about the London fashion industry in the 1950s, which will star Daniel Day-Lewis, in his first acting role since Lincoln in 2012, Lesley Manville, and Richard Graham. In September 2016, the U.S. distribution rights were acquired by Focus Features, with Universal handling international distribution. Principal photography began in January 2017, with an intended release in late 2017.

Other work

Anderson was a standby director during the 2005 filming of Robert Altman's A Prairie Home Companion for insurance purposes, as Altman was 80 years old at the time. Anderson has directed several music videos, including Radiohead's 2016 single "Daydreaming" and several for Fiona Apple. In 2008, Anderson co-wrote and directed a 70-minute play at the Largo Theatre, comprising a series of vignettes starring Maya Rudolph and Fred Armisen, with a live score by Jon Brion.

Influences and style

Influences

Anderson only attended film school for two days, preferring to learn the craft by watching films by the filmmakers he liked, as well as watching films accompanied by director's audio commentary. Anderson has cited Martin Scorsese, Robert Altman, Jonathan Demme, Stanley Kubrick, Orson Welles and Max Ophüls as his main influences as a filmmaker.

Themes and style

Anderson is known for films set in the San Fernando Valley with realistically flawed and desperate characters. Among the themes dealt with in Anderson's films are dysfunctional familial relationships, alienation, surrogate families, regret, loneliness, destiny, the power of forgiveness, and ghosts of the past. Anderson makes frequent use of repetition to build emphasis and thematic consistency. In Boogie Nights, Magnolia, Punch Drunk Love and The Master, the phrase "I didn't do anything" is used at least once, developing themes of responsibility and denial. Anderson's films are known for their bold visual style which includes stylistic trademarks such as constantly moving camera, steadicam-based long takes, memorable use of music, and multilayered audiovisual imagery. Anderson also tends to reference the Book of Exodus, either explicitly or subtly, such as in recurring references to Exodus 8:2 in Magnolia, which chronicles the plague of frogs, culminating with the literal raining of frogs in the film's climax, or the title and themes in There Will Be Blood, a phrase that can be found in Exodus 7:19, which details the plague of blood.

Within his first three films, Hard Eight, Boogie Nights and Magnolia, Anderson explored themes of dysfunctional families, alienation and loneliness. Boogie Nights and Magnolia were noted for their large ensemble casts, which Anderson returned to in Inherent Vice. In Punch-Drunk Love, Anderson explored similar themes but expressed a different visual style, shedding the influences and references of his earlier films, being more surreal and having a heightened sense of reality. It was also short, compared to his previous two films, at 90 minutes.

There Will Be Blood stood apart from his first four films but shared similar themes and style such as flawed characters, moving camera, memorable music, and a lengthy running time. The film was more overtly engaged with politics than his previous films had been, examining capitalism and themes such as savagery, optimism, and obsession. The Master dealt with "ideas about American personality, success, rootlessness, master-disciple dynamics, and father-son mutually assured destruction." All of his films deal with American themes with business versus art in Boogie Nights, ambition in There Will Be Blood, self-reinvention in The Master.

Frequent collaborators

Anderson frequently collaborates with many actors and crew, carrying them over from film to film. Anderson has referred to his regular actors as "my little rep company" that has included John C. Reilly, Philip Baker Hall, Julianne Moore, William H. Macy, Melora Walters, and most prominently, the late Philip Seymour Hoffman. Luis Guzmán is also considered an Anderson regular. Hoffman acted in Anderson's first four films as well as The Master. Except for Paul F. Tompkins, Kevin Breznahan, and Jim Meskimen, who all had equally minor roles in Magnolia, There Will Be Blood had an entirely new cast. Anderson is one of three directors- the others being Jim Sheridan and Martin Scorsese- who Daniel Day-Lewis has collaborated with more than once. Robert Elswit has been cinematographer for all of Anderson's films except The Master which was shot by Mihai Mălaimare Jr. Jon Brion served as composer for Hard Eight, Magnolia, and Punch-Drunk Love, and Jonny Greenwood of Radiohead for There Will Be Blood, The Master, Inherent Vice and the untitled fashion project. Anderson also regularly works with producing partners JoAnne Sellar, Scott Rudin, Michael De Luca, and Daniel Lupi as well as casting director Cassandra Kulukundis.

Actor Hard Eight Boogie Nights Magnolia Punch-Drunk Love There Will Be Blood The Master Inherent Vice Untitled fashion project Total
Jillian Bell N N 2
Daniel Day-Lewis N N 2
Robert Downey Sr. N N 2
Amy Ferguson N N 2
Allan Graf N N 2
Luis Guzmán N N N 3
Philip Baker Hall N N N 3
Veronica Hart N N 2
Philip Seymour Hoffman N N N N N 5
Thomas Jane N N 2
Ricky Jay N N 2
William H. Macy N N 2
Jim Meskimen N N 2
Alfred Molina N N 2
Julianne Moore N N 2
Kevin J. O'Connor N N 2
Joaquin Phoenix N N 2
Mary Lynn Rajskub N N 2
John C. Reilly N N N 3
Robert Ridgely N N 2
Paul F. Tompkins N N 2
Melora Walters N N N N 4
David Warshofsky N N 2
Steven Wiig N N 2

Personal life

Anderson dated (and frequently collaborated with) singer Fiona Apple for several years during the late 1990s and early 2000s. He has been in a relationship with actress and comedian Maya Rudolph since 2001. They live together in the San Fernando Valley with their four children: daughters Pearl Bailey (born October 2005), Lucille (born November 2009), and Minnie Ida (born August 2013), and son Jack (born July 2011).

Filmography

Main article: Paul Thomas Anderson filmography

Awards and recognition

Anderson has been called "one of the most exciting talents to come along in years" and "among the supreme talents of today." After the release of Boogie Nights and Magnolia, Anderson was praised as a wunderkind. In his 2002 interview with Jan Aghed, the director Ingmar Bergman referenced Magnolia as an example of the strength of American cinema. In 2004, Anderson was ranked twenty-first on The Guardian's list of the forty best living filmmakers. In 2007, Total Film named him the twentieth greatest director of all time and the American Film Institute regarded him as "one of American film's modern masters." In 2012, The Guardian ranked him number one on its list of "The 23 Best Film Directors in the World," writing "his dedication to his craft has intensified, with his disdain for PR and celebrity marking him out as the most devout filmmaker of his generation." In 2013, Entertainment Weekly named him the eighth-greatest working director, calling him "one of the most dynamic directors to emerge in the last 20 years." In a podcast interview with critic Elvis Mitchell, director Sam Mendes referred to Anderson as "a true auteur - and there are very few of those who I would classify as geniuses", and Ben Affleck in his acceptance speech for the Golden Globe Award for Best Director said "Paul Thomas Anderson, who I think is like Orson Welles." Peter Travers of Rolling Stone wrote that "The Master, the sixth film from the 42-year-old writer-director, affirms his position as the foremost filmmaking talent of his generation. Anderson is a rock star, the artist who knows no limits." As of 2016, Anderson is the only person to win all three director prizes from the three major international film festivals (Cannes, Berlin, Venice).

Year Award Category Title Result
1996 Deauville Film Festival Award Grand Special Prize Hard Eight Nominated
1997 Boston Society of Film Critics Award Best New Filmmaker Hard Eight and Boogie Nights Won
1997 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award New Generation Award Boogie Nights Won
1997 Toronto International Film Festival Award Metro Media Award Boogie Nights Won
1998 Online Film Critics Society Award Best Director Boogie Nights Nominated
1998 Online Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay Boogie Nights Nominated
1998 Online Film & Television Association Best First Feature Film Hard Eight Nominated
1998 Writers Guild of America Award Best Screenplay Boogie Nights Nominated
1998 Satellite Award Best Director Boogie Nights Nominated
1998 Satellite Award Best Film Boogie Nights Nominated
1998 Satellite Award Best Original Screenplay Boogie Nights Nominated
1998 Independent Spirit Award Best First Feature Hard Eight Nominated
1998 Independent Spirit Award Best First Screenplay Hard Eight Nominated
1998 Academy Award Best Original Screenplay Boogie Nights Nominated
1998 BAFTA Award Best Original Screenplay Boogie Nights Nominated
1998 European Film Award Screen International Boogie Nights Nominated
1999 Toronto Film Critics Association Award Best Director Magnolia Won
1999 Toronto Film Critics Association Award Best Screenplay Magnolia Won
2000 Chicago Film Critics Association Award Best Director Magnolia Nominated
2000 Chicago Film Critics Association Award Best Original Screenplay Magnolia Nominated
2000 Writers Guild of America Award Best Screenplay Magnolia Nominated
2000 Online Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay Magnolia Nominated
2000 Satellite Award Best Director Magnolia Nominated
2000 Satellite Award Best Original Screenplay Magnolia Nominated
2000 Berlin International Film Festival Award Golden Bear Magnolia Won
2000 Berlin International Film Festival Award Reader Jury of the "Berliner Morgenpost" Award Magnolia Won
2000 Academy Award Best Original Screenplay Magnolia Nominated
2000 Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Award Best Foreign Director Magnolia Nominated
2000 San Sebastián International Film Festival Film of the Year Magnolia Won
2001 London Critics Circle Film Award Screenwriter of the Year Magnolia Nominated
2001 Empire Award Best Director Magnolia Nominated
2001 Bodil Award Best American Film Magnolia Nominated
2001 Guldbagge Award Best Foreign Film Magnolia Won
2002 Cannes Film Festival Award Best Director Punch-Drunk Love Won
2002 Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Punch-Drunk Love Nominated
2002 Gijón International Film Festival Award Best Screenplay Punch-Drunk Love Won
2002 Gijón International Film Festival Award Best Feature Film Punch-Drunk Love Nominated
2002 Toronto Film Critics Association Award Best Director Punch-Drunk Love Won
2003 Chicago Film Critics Association Award Best Director Punch-Drunk Love Nominated
2003 Chicago Film Critics Association Award Best Original Screenplay Punch-Drunk Love Nominated
2003 Online Film Critics Society Award Best Original Screenplay Punch-Drunk Love Nominated
2003 Phoenix Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay Punch-Drunk Love Nominated
2003 Motovun Film Festival Award Propeller of Motovun Award Punch-Drunk Love Won
2007 Austin Film Critics Association Best Director There Will Be Blood Won
2007 Chicago Film Critics Association Award Best Director There Will Be Blood Nominated
2007 Chicago Film Critics Association Award Best Adapted Screenplay There Will Be Blood Nominated
2007 Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award Best Director There Will Be Blood Nominated
2007 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award Best Director There Will Be Blood Won
2007 New York Film Critics Circle Award Best Director There Will Be Blood Nominated
2007 San Diego Film Critics Society Award Best Director There Will Be Blood Won
2007 San Diego Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay There Will Be Blood Won
2007 AFI Award AFI Movie of the Year There Will Be Blood Won
2008 National Society of Film Critics Award Best Director There Will Be Blood Won
2008 National Society of Film Critics Award Best Screenplay There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award Best Director There Will Be Blood Won
2008 Directors Guild of America Award Best Director There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 London Critics Circle Film Award Director of the Year There Will Be Blood Won
2008 London Critics Circle Film Award Screenwriter of the Year There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 Online Film Critics Society Award Best Director There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 Online Film Critics Society Award Best Adapted Screenplay There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 USC Scripter Award There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award Best Director There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 Writers Guild of America Award Best Screenplay There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 Berlin International Film Festival Best Director There Will Be Blood Won
2008 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Berlin Bear There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 BAFTA Award Best Director There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 BAFTA Award Best Film There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 BAFTA Award Best Adapted Screenplay There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 Academy Award Best Adapted Screenplay There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 Academy Award Best Director There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 Academy Award Best Picture There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 Golden Eagle Award Best Foreign Film There Will Be Blood Won
2008 Amanda Award Best Foreign Film There Will Be Blood Won
2008 David di Donatello Award Best Foreign Film There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Best Non-European Director There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 PGA Award Best Theatrical Motion Picture There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 Russian Guild of Film Critics Best Foreign Film There Will Be Blood Nominated
2008 San Sebastián International Film Festival Film of the Year There Will Be Blood Won
2009 Bodil Award Best American Film There Will Be Blood Won
2009 César Award Best Foreign Film There Will Be Blood Nominated
2009 Empire Award Best Director There Will Be Blood Nominated
2009 Film Critics Circle of Australia Award Best Foreign Film There Will Be Blood Nominated
2009 Guldbagge Award Best Foreign Film There Will Be Blood Nominated
2012 Boston Society of Film Critics Award Best Director The Master Nominated
2012 Chicago Film Critics Association Award Best Director The Master Nominated
2012 Chicago Film Critics Association Award Best Original Screenplay The Master Nominated
2012 Gotham Awards Best Feature The Master Nominated
2012 International Federation of Film Critics Award Best Film The Master Won
2012 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award Best Director The Master Won
2012 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award Best Film The Master Nominated
2012 Satellite Awards Best Original Screenplay The Master Nominated
2012 Venice International Film Festival Golden Lion The Master Nominated
2012 Venice International Film Festival Silver Lion The Master Won
2012 Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Best Director The Master Nominated
2012 Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Best Original Screenplay The Master Nominated
2013 AACTA Awards Best International Screenplay The Master Nominated
2013 BAFTA Award Best Original Screenplay The Master Nominated
2013 Broadcast Film Critics Association Award Best Picture The Master Nominated
2013 Broadcast Film Critics Association Award Best Original Screenplay The Master Nominated
2013 National Society of Film Critics Award Best Film The Master Nominated
2013 National Society of Film Critics Award Best Director The Master Nominated
2013 National Society of Film Critics Award Best Screenplay The Master Nominated
2013 Writers Guild of America Award Best Original Screenplay The Master Nominated
2014 National Board of Review Best Adapted Screenplay Inherent Vice Won
2014 San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award Best Adapted Screenplay Inherent Vice Won
2015 Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award Best Adapted Screenplay Inherent Vice Nominated
2015 Georgia Film Critics Association Award Best Adapted Screenplay Inherent Vice Nominated
2015 Broadcast Film Critics Association Award Best Adapted Screenplay Inherent Vice Nominated
2015 USC Scripter Award Inherent Vice Nominated
2015 Satellite Award Best Adapted Screenplay Inherent Vice Nominated
2015 Academy Award Best Adapted Screenplay Inherent Vice Nominated

[ Source: Wikipedia ]