Michael Haneke

Michael Haneke

Born: March 23, 1942
Age: 75
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Popularity:
Biography

Michael Haneke ( ; born 23 March 1942) is an Austrian film director and screenwriter best known for films such as Funny Games (1997), Caché (2005), The White Ribbon (2009) and Amour (2012). His work often examines social issues, and depicts the feelings of estrangement experienced by individuals in modern society. Haneke has worked in television‚ theatre and cinema. Besides working as a filmmaker, Haneke also teaches film direction at the Film Academy Vienna.

At the 2009 Cannes Film Festival, his film The White Ribbon won the Palme d'Or, and at the 67th Golden Globe Awards the film won the Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film. In 2012, his film Amour premiered and competed at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. The film would go on to win the Palme d'Or, making it his second win of the prestigious award in three years; this made him the seventh director (at the time) to have won it twice and the only Austrian director to have accomplished this. The film received five Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Original Screenplay, and Best Actress in a Leading Role for Emmanuelle Riva. It won in the category of Best Foreign Language Film. Haneke has made films in French, German and in English.

In 2013 Haneke won the Prince of Asturias Award for the arts.

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Life and career

Haneke was born in Munich, Germany, the son of the German actor and director Fritz Haneke and the Austrian actress Beatrix von Degenschild. His stepfather, the composer Alexander Steinbrecher (de), had later married the mother of actor Christoph Waltz. Haneke was raised in the city of Wiener Neustadt, Austria, and later attended the University of Vienna to study philosophy, psychology and drama after failing to achieve success in his early attempts in acting and music. After graduating, he became a film critic and from 1967 to 1970 he worked as editor and dramaturg at the southwestern German television station Südwestfunk. He made his debut as a television director in 1974.

Haneke's feature film debut was 1989's The Seventh Continent, which served to trace out the violent and bold style that would bloom in later years. Three years later, the controversial Benny's Video put Haneke's name on the map. Haneke achieved great success in 2001 with the critically successful French film The Piano Teacher. It won the prestigious Grand Prize at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival and also won its stars, Benoît Magimel and Isabelle Huppert, the Best Actor and Actress awards. He has worked with Juliette Binoche (Code Unknown in 2000 and Caché in 2005), after she expressed interest in working with him. Haneke frequently worked with real-life couple Ulrich Mühe and Susanne Lothar - thrice each.

His film, The White Ribbon, premiered at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival and won the Palme d'Or. The film is set in 1913 and deals with strange incidents in a small town in Northern Germany, depicting an authoritarian, fascist-like atmosphere, where children are subjected to rigid rules and suffer harsh punishments, and where strange deaths occur. In 2012, his film Amour also won the Palme d'Or.

Haneke says that films should offer viewers more space for imagination and self-reflection. Films that have too much detail and moral clarity, Haneke says, are used for mindless consumption by their viewers. It is often difficult for people to ascertain Haneke's philosophy and the exact messages he wishes to illustrate in his works.

His 2012 film Amour won the Best Foreign Language Oscar and was nominated for the Best Picture Oscar at the 85th Academy Awards. In 2013 he was the subject of the documentary film Michael H - Profession: Director.

Stage work

Haneke has directed a number of stage productions in German, which include works by Strindberg, Goethe, and Heinrich von Kleist in Berlin, Munich and Vienna. In 2006 he gave his debut as an opera director, staging Mozart's Don Giovanni for the Opéra National de Paris at Palais Garnier when the theater's general manager was Gerard Mortier. In 2012, he was to direct Così fan tutte for the New York City Opera. This production had originally been commissioned by Jürgen Flimm for the Salzburg Festival 2009, but Haneke had to resign due to an illness preventing him from preparing the work. Haneke realized this production at Madrid's Teatro Real in 2013.

Quotes

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"My films are intended as polemical statements against the American 'barrel down' cinema and its dis-empowerment of the spectator. They are an appeal for a cinema of insistent questions instead of false (because too quick) answers, for clarifying distance in place of violating closeness, for provocation and dialogue instead of consumption and consensus."
—From "Film as catharsis".
"Pornography, it seems to me, is no different from war films or propaganda films in that it tries to make the visceral, horrific, or transgressive elements of life consumable. Propaganda is far more pornographic than a home video of two people fucking."
"Film is 24 lies per second at the service of truth, or at the service of the attempt to find the truth."
"My favourite film-maker of the decade is Abbas Kiarostami. He achieves a simplicity that's so difficult to attain."
"I do think that our perception of reality is fragmentary, and in 20th-century literature, it's totally normal to not describe reality as something whole and completely transportable and explicable. That's been accepted in novels. But genre films always pretend that reality is transportable, which means that it is explicable."
"Consider the pigeon just a pigeon...There are lots of pigeons in Paris."
—On the meaning of pigeons in his movies

Filmography

Feature films

Year Title Notes
1989 The Seventh Continent Locarno International Film Festival—Bronze Leopard

Ghent International Film Festival—Best Application of Music and Sound in Film

1992 Benny's Video European Film Academy Critics Award
1994 71 Fragments of a Chronology of Chance
1997 Funny Games Nominated—Cannes Film Festival—Palme d'Or
2000 Code Unknown Nominated—Cannes Film Festival—Palme d'Or
2001 The Piano Teacher Cannes Film Festival—Grand Prix
Nominated—European Film Award for Best Director
Nominated—European Film Award for Best Screenwriter
2003 Time of the Wolf Selected for the Cannes Film Festival
2005 Caché Cannes Film Festival—Prix de la mise en scène
Chicago Film Critics Award for Best Foreign Language Film
European Film Award for Best Film
European Film Award for Best Director
European Film Academy Critics Award
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film
San Francisco Film Critics Award for Best Foreign Film
Nominated—Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Nominated—Cannes Film Festival—Palme d'Or
Nominated—César Award for Best Director
Nominated—César Award for Best Writing
Nominated—London Film Critics Circle Award for Foreign Language Film of the Year
Nominated—Independent Spirit Award for Best Foreign Film
2007 Funny Games
2009 The White Ribbon Cannes Film Festival—Palme d'Or
Chicago Film Critics Award for Best Foreign Language Film
European Film Award for Best Film
European Film Award for Best Director
European Film Award for Best Screenwriter
German Film Award for Best Feature Film
German Film Award for Best Direction
German Film Award for Best Screenplay
German Film Award for Best Cinematography
Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language
Nominated—Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Nominated—César Award for Best Foreign Film
Nominated—London Film Critics Circle Award for Film of the Year
Nominated—London Film Critics Circle Award for Director of the Year
Nominated—London Film Critics Circle Award for Screenwriter of the Year
Nominated—Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Film
Nominated—Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Director
Nominated—Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film
2012 Amour Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Alliance of Women Film Journalists Award for Best Non-English Language Film
BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Foreign Film
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Cannes Film Festival—Palme d'Or
César Award for Best Film
César Award for Best Director
César Award for Best Writing
Chicago Film Critics Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Durban International Film Festival Award for Best Feature Film
European Film Award for Best Film
European Film Award for Best Director
Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film
FIPRESCI Award for Grand Prix
Independent Spirit Award for Best Foreign Film
London Film Critics Circle Award for Film of the Year
London Film Critics Circle Award for Screenwriter of the Year
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Film
National Board of Review Award for Best Foreign Language Film
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Film
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Foreign Language Film
New York Film Critics Online Award for Best Foreign Film
San Francisco Film Critics Award for Best Foreign Film
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Picture
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Director
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay
Nominated—Alliance of Women Film Journalists Award for Best Original Screenplay
Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Direction
Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay
Nominated—British Independent Film Award for Best International Independent Film
Nominated—European Film Award for Best Screenwriter
Nominated—Houston Film Critics Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Nominated—London Film Critics Circle Award for Foreign Language Film of the Year
Nominated—London Film Critics Circle Award for Director of the Year
Nominated—Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Film Not in the English Language
Nominated—San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Nominated—Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Non-English Language Feature
2017 Happy End

TV films

  • ...Und was kommt danach? (1974) (After Liverpool)
  • Drei Wege zum See (1976) (Three Paths to the Lake)
  • Sperrmüll (1976) (Household Rubbish)
  • Lemminge, Teil 1: Arkadien (1979) (Lemmings, Part 1: Arcadia)
  • Lemminge, Teil 2: Verletzungen (1979) (Lemmings, Part 2: Injuries)
  • Variation (1983)
  • Wer war Edgar Allan? (1984) (Who Was Edgar Allan?)
  • Fräulein (1985) (Miss)
  • Nachruf für einen Mörder (1991) (Obituary for a Murderer)
  • Die Rebellion (1992) (The Rebellion)
  • Das Schloß (1997) (The Castle)

Short films

  • Lumière and Company (1995) (segment "Michael Haneke/Vienne")

Bibliography

  • Catherine Wheatley: Michael Haneke's Cinema: The Ethic of the Image, New York: Berghahn Books, 2009, ISBN 1-84545-722-6 review
  • Michael Haneke. Special Issue of Modern Austrian Literature. 43.2, 2010.
  • Alexander D. Ornella / Stefanie Knauss (ed.): Fascinatingly Disturbing. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Michael Haneke's Cinema, Eugene, Pickwick, 2010, ISBN 978-1-606-08624-7.

[ Source: Wikipedia ]

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